1. UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE
Kaziranga National Park
The park owes its existence to the conservation efforts of Virgin Mary Curzon and her husband Lord Curzon, then Viceroy of Bharat.
It became a reserve forest in 1904 primarily to shield the declining population of Rhinos. Assam park Act was gone by the Assam Government in 1968, declaring Kaziranga a chosen park with a vicinity of 430 sq klick. a further space of 429 sq klick was else later to produce associate degree extended surround to the wild animals.
Central Government recognized it as a park in 1974 and later UN agency declared Kaziranga as a World Heritage web site.
As per UNESCO’s description of Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga is thought to be one of the best life refuges within the world. The park’s contribution to saving the Indian one-horned rhino from the brink of extinction at the flip of the twentieth century to harboring the one largest population of this species could be a spectacular conservation action.
2. HOME TO VULNERABLE ONE-HORNED RHINOCEROSES
Kaziranga National Park is a home of more than 91% of Assam’s rhinos and 80 percent of India’s rhino population, according to a 2018 population census conducted by the park authorities.
The latest Rhino census has counted 2413 one-horned rhinos which make Kaziranga the largest number of the Indian one horn Rhino in the World.The park also boasts of being home to two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) changed the status of Indian Rhinos from endangered (since 1986) to vulnerable species in 2008.
3. ONLY HABITAT TO EASTERN SWAMP DEER
India has three species of swamp cervid, Western swamp cervid, Southern swamp cervid, and Japanese swamp cervid.
Excessive searching and quick seizure of grasslands for agricultural use have caused a huge decline in their population.
According to the last census for Japanese Swamp cervid conducted in 2016, there have been 1148 people within the park, out of that 284 were males, 604 females and 196 calves
4. IMPORTANT BIRD AREA
Kaziranga National park may be a birding paradise; the grasslands area unit a bird of prey country which will be seen on the campaign makes interesting expertise. These embody the Oriental hawk, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pallas’s Haliaeetus leucorhyphus, White caudate Eagle, hoar Haliaeetus leucorhyphus, chain Griffon.
Large numbers of migratory birds descend on the parks lakes and muddy areas throughout winters, as well as goose Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy sheldrake, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Aythya ferina and Northern Shoveller.
5. HIGHEST DENSITY OF TIGERS
Kaziranga parkland got the standing of a tiger reserve in 2006 and also the count of tigers within the reserve stands at 104, consistent with AN estimate wore out 2017.
The park boasts one in every of the best density of tigers in the Asian country with twenty-one tigers per one hundred sq kilometer, over that of even prizefighter parkland and Bandipur parkland.
It has been delineating as a multifarious hotspot thanks to the presence of extraordinarily wealthy and extremely various species of flora and fauna.
Kaziranga parkland is known for its many distinctive attributes and that I have detailed a number of them during this post. each life enthusiast will surely wish to go to this place.